Basil Oil: The sweet, herbaceous, light scent of Basil is distilled from the flowering tops and leaves of the herb native to tropical Asia. Derived form the leaves and flowering plants tops, basil is uplifting and refreshing. Using basil in the bath is popular in Ayurvedic medicine for cooling heating up the skin simultaneously. More recent clinical experience shows that Basil increases blood flow to the brain, relieving mental fatigue, enhancing clear thinking and improving memory. Some also recommend it as an insect repellent. Basil clears the sinuses, promotes digestion and stimulates circulation
Blends well With: Eucalyptus, clary sage, lavender, and geranium
Benzoin Oil: This is actually a tree resin, which is processed to turn it into a liquid. You may already be familiar with Benzoin in the form of friar's balsam, but it is also used to make incense.
Helpful For : Coughs, Colds, Flu, Stiff / Aching Joints, Exhaustion, tension, Sore Dry Skin, Itchy Skin, Dermatitis
Bergamot Oil: This is a member of the citrus family, and the oil is extracted by pressing the peel of the fruit. Bergamot essence is used to make Earl Grey tea and gives it its characteristic perfume. Bergamot is a powerful antiseptic and an appetite stimulant. It must not be used neat on the skin because it can cause pigmentation marks.
Helpful For : Cold Sores, oily/spotty skin, Psoriasis, Cystitis
Black pepper Oil: A stimulating essence, black pepper is good for increasing energy. It’s derived form the unripe fruit and berry of peppercorn. Probably best known for it's pain relieving qualities. Helpful for arthritis, rheumatism, muscle aches and pain, sprains, stiffness,
poor circulation, and muscle tone. Also a powerful digestive stimulant. Helpful for flatulence, nausea, and loss of
Cardamom Oil: Antiseptic, a digestive stimulant, diuretic, antispasmodic, expectorant. Encourages clarity, concentration, direction, motivation, straightforwardness, enthusiasm, confidence, and courage
Camomile Oil: The camomile family is large and there are several different camomile essential oils. German camomile is the most expensive, but all camomile oils are helpful for sensitive conditions and can be used safely for children. Camomile family - is now being used to help migraine sufferers.
Helpful For : Conjunctivitis, Sore Eyes, Aches and Pains, Hyperactivity Boils, Dermatitis, Eczema, Minor Skin Infections, Insomnia
Cedar wood Oil: Like the scent of hope chests, cedar wood is a sweet fragrance that clears the mind. Topically, it is good for relieving itchy skin, as well as working as an astringent and antiseptic.
Citrus Oils Oil: Aromatherapists recommend cheerful citrus oils for chasing away foul moods and creating a bright, uplifting atmosphere. Citrus oils are also somewhat inexpensive.
Clary sage Oil: Obtained from herbs and flowers, clary sage is commonly used to combat depression, menstrual pain, and premenstrual syndrome. Calming yet revitalizing, reduces tension, relieves fatique, mildly euphoric and anti-depressant Great for stress! Worries seeem to float away. When diffused into the air or used as a massage oil, this essence has been known to make one euphoric. Helpful For : Irregular Painful Periods, Depression, Inflamed Skin, Sore Throat.
Eucalyptus Oil: Remember that soothing rub your mother applied to your chest when you were sick as a child? It was the eucalyptus oil in it that helped clear your congestion. Eucalyptus is a classic antiviral and expectorant used in aromatherapy treatments. Helpful For : Colds, Sinus Problems, Sore Throat, Muscular Aches and Pains, Flu.
Fennel Oil: There are two type of fennel, sweet and bitter. Essential oil is extracted from the seeds, roots and leaves by steam distillation. Florence fennel is a popular vegetable often eaten with fish. It has a slightly aniseed scent as the root.
Helpful For : Flatulence, Fluid Retention, Nausea and Vomiting, Hiccoughs.
Floral Oils Oil: Hands down, floral, oils are the best for stress relief, say aromatherapists. You can buy floral oil in just about nay price range, from the care and expensive rose oil to the more common and affordable geranium oil.
Geranium Oil: This floral essence is not only relaxing and inexpensive, but it has special properties as an antiviral and antifungal agent. It also tends to be gentle on the skin, so it works well for topical treatments. It can uplift or have a relaxing effect and is particularly good for menopausal problems.
Helpful For : Sore Throat, Dry Eczema and Dermatitis, Meno-pausal Bleeding, Sluggish Skin, Nervous Tension and Anxiety.
Hyssop Oil: Hyssop is an ancient herb which was cultivated for it's medicinal as well as romantic properties. The oil is extracted from the leaves and flowers by distillation. It is beneficial for all respiratory problems can help relieve hayfever.
Helpful For : Hayfever, Rheumatism, Bruises, Eczema
Juniper Oil: The juniper bush is found in Canada and Europe. The berries are well known as the flavouring for gin, but to make essential oil they are first dried, then distilled. Juniper oil has been used for hundreds of years as a household disinfectant.
Helpful For : Cystitis
Jasmine Oil: The essential oil is extracted from the flowers of the jasmine bush. This oil has a beautiful, exotic aroma and is really helpful in cases of extreme nervous a anxiety and stress. It is one of the most expensive oils and is often used in the manufacture of perfumes.
Helpful For : Nervous Exhaustion Period Pain, Dry, Sensitive, Mature Skin
Lavender Oil: If you could buy only one essential oil, aromatherapy experts agree it should be lavender. Studies in hospital intensive care units show that this fragrant oil can improve moved and relieve stress. Plus, lavender is an excellent first aid oil. Apply it undiluted to minor injuries like small burns, cuts, bruises, and insect bites. Because it contains the sedative compound ester. Some people put a drop or two on their bedsheets to relieve minor insomnia. Helpful For : Acne and Spotty Skin, Insect bites, Stings, Boils, Burns, Sunburn, Headache/Migraine, Sore Throat, Muscular Aches and Pains, Irritability, Tension and Depression, Colds and Flu, Indigestion, Nausea, Period Pain, Insect Repellant
Lemon Oil: It takes 3,000 lemons to produce 2 pounds (1kilo) of essential oil. It is extracted by pressing the rind of the fruit. Hand -pressed oil is of a better quality than mechanically pressed oil. Hand pressing is a family affair. The women and children cut the lemons and scrape out the flesh, the men do the pressing.
Helpful For : Chilblains, Cold Sores, Bites and Stings, Mouth Ulcers, Verrucae/Warts, Catarrh/Colds
Marjoram Oil: You may have come across this herb already - it is a popular aromatic flavouring The oil is extracted from the plant by distillation. It has a powerful head - clearing aroma, and an uplifting effect on the spirit. Marjoram blends very well with lemon essential oil.
Helpful For : Anxiety and Depression, Insomnia, Constipation, Muscular Aches and Pains, Headcold,
Mandarin Oil: One of the most popular citrus oils, mandarin oil is top choice to ease anxiety and raise your spirits.
Myrrh Oil: Myrrh essential oil is produced from the resin of the myrrh tree. It has been used since ancient Egyptian times for its rejuvenating qualities and is one of the oils used for embalming.
Helpful For : Mouth Ulcers, Inflamed and Sore Gums, Cuts and Grazes Coughs
Niaouli Oil: This essential oil clams respiratory allergies. It is vitalizing, and when used topically it can provide relief for oily skin. Some people also find it works well on minor hemorrohoid problems. Helpful For : Acne and Problem Skin Grazes, Bronchitis, Chesty Cough Catarrh
Orange Blossom Oil: This essential oil is often called neroli. It is obtained from fresh orange flowers by steam distillation. If you have ever been lucky enough to see an orange blossom tree in bloom you will already know what delightful a scent it has. The tree originated in China, but is now also found around the world. This oil is one of the most expensive, along with rose and jasmine.
Helpful For : Sensitive Skin, High Colour, Diarrhoea, Shock, and Fear Depression
Petigrain Oil: Made from the leaves of the orange blossom tree, this oil has similar properties To neroli and a pleasant, light scent. It is cheaper to produce than neroli, and often used in its place for economic reasons
Helpful For : Memory Stress, Spotty or irritated skin, Fluid Retention
Palmarosa Oil: Sometimes used topically in the treatment of herpes, plamarosa oil has excellent antiseptic and antiviral uses, and is a staple in many aromatherapy mixtures.
Patchouli Oil: This spicy smelling essential oil is used to calm and focus the mind. Patchouli also soothes dry skin and some people find it has an aphrodisiac quality.
Peppermint Oil: Peppermint is one of the essential oils that works well when it is taken internally—through you should consult and expert before trying it yourself. A drop on the tongue provides relief from nausea and travel sickness. Topically, it cools and invigorates the skin. Breathing in the vapors from two or three drops of peppermint essence in a bowl of hot water can provide relief from colds, flu, or sinus congestion. Finally, it is a great mental stimulant. Helpful For : Migraine, Heartburn and Indigestion Hot, Aching Feet, Travel Sickness, Sinus, Catarrh, Bad Breath
Rose Oil: As we have already mentioned, this is one of the most expensive essential oils and is most used for its beautiful fragrance. It is an excellent anti-depressant, and very calming on the nervous system. It is very difficult to come across a person who dislikes the aroma and effect of rose oil. Because of its cost it is not recommended in a bath. There are other oils you can substitute for it.
Helpful For : Depression, Irregular Periods, Very Dehydrated Mature Skin, Insomnia
Rosemary Oil: A well-known herb, rosemary is cultivated in France, Spain, etc. The essential oils are distilled from the flowers and leaves. It is known as the herb for remembrance and clears the mind and stimulates the memory. It is an excellent hair tonic, improving circulation to the scalp, and is helpful for dandruff.
Helpful For : Fainting Mental Fatigue, Poor Memory Dandruff, Hair in Poor Condition, Circulation, Stomach Pain, Wind
Sandalwood Oil: Obtained from the tree, sandalwood oil baths are sued in aromatherapy to keep the immune system running at peak condition. Sandalwood is also antiseptic. Helpful For : Nausea, Vomiting, Stress, Tension Dry Cough, Itchy, and Dry Skin
Sage Oil: I'm sure you've already come across this herb as it is often used in stuffing's and savoury dishes. The oil is made from the sun-dried leaves by distillation. Sage is to be found in the North Mediterranean , where it grows wild, but it is also grown as a garden herb all over the world. The essential oil is toxic in high doses, so use with care.
Helpful For : Aching Joints, Rheumatism, Nervous Exhaustion, Fluid Retention, Excess Perspiration, Sore, Bleeding Gums
Spearmint Oil: Breathing in the vapors from this essential oil energizes the mind and spreading it on topically cools and invigorates the skin. It’s also good for toning oily skin.
Tea tree Oil: Acting as a gentle antiseptic, tea tree oil is commonly used for skin conditions like burns, cold sores, and athlete’s foot. It’s added to lip balms, soaps, and dental products. Tea tree oil is also an effective antibacterial and antifungal agent. Helpful For : Athlete's Foot, Boils, Spots, Thrush, Cuts, Sore Throat
Thyme Oi : This plant has been grown for its therapeutic qualities for centuries. The essential oil is obtained from the flowering tops by steam distillation. Thyme oil stimulates white blood cell production, having an almost antibiotic effect on infections.
Helpful For : Colds and Flu, Sore throat, Tonsillitis, Muscle Fatigue, Arthritis, Whooping Cough
Vetivert Oil: Vetivert is a grass, which grows in Indonesia and the Philippines. The oil is obtained from the root by distillation . It is popular in the perfume industry and has a long lasting woody fragrance, often popular with men. In the east it is known as the oil of tranquility and is often used for meditation.
Helpful For : Stress Tired, Aching Legs, Hysteria, Stiff Neck
Verbena Oil: This oil is better known as lemon grass. It is a fragrant grass, which grows in India and the oil is obtained by distillation. Lemon grass is used extensively in Indian and Asian cookery and has a light, lemony scent.
Helpful For : Acne, Spotty Skin, Poor Muscle Tone, Shock Irritability, Tension Digestive Problems e.g. Colitis
Ylang-Ylang Oil: As one of the floral essences, ylang-ylang is excellent for soothing the body physically and mentally. It has a relaxing, sedative effect and is a pleasant oil to use in a burner to scent your home. Ylang-ylang is said to have aphrodisiac powers!
Helpful For : Depression and Nervous Tension, Insomnia, Panic, Fear High Blood Pressure, Spotty Skin.
Use a diffuser: For around fifty dollars can buy and aromatherapy diffuser that disperses micro-particles of the essential oils into the air. Diffusers are useful for respiratory conditions like cold, flu and asthma, or they can simply add an uplifting energy to the air.
Take a bath: Because oils are easily absorbed through the skin, one of the nicest ways to get them in the air as well as through you skin is to the add them to our steamy bath water.
Here’s the rub: You can also use them in massage oils or in hot or cold compress to soothe minor aches and pains.
- Essential oils should not be used full-strength or undiluted on the skin, as it could be most irritating. Always use essential oils mixed in a carrier oil, such as almond, apricot kernel or grape seed oil.
- Essential oils can be dangerous if used incorrectly - please consult a trained aromatherapy practitioner before using any essential oil - and note that they are for for external use only.
- During pregnancy, some should not be used, and people with health problems such as asthma, epilepsy etc. should first check with their medical practitioner before using it.
- Keep essential oils away from children and make use of a qualified aromatherapy practitioner when having such a treatment.